The hottest trend of machine replacement into ente

2022-08-14
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The trend of replacing machines into enterprises' employment "competition and cooperation" in Foshan Industrial robot industry

Wu Junjie

[the International Federation of robots predicts that the compound growth rate of China's industrial robot sales will be about 22% from 2017 to 2020.]

in April 11 years ago, Chen Xing, a Foshan native who runs the ceramic business, was coerced into the "self revolution", so the comprehensive conductivity of these copper aluminum transition terminals can only be below 54% IACS (Note: the conductivity of conductor aluminum alloy is required to be above 61% IACS). At that time, impacted by the global financial crisis, the high cost of domestic manufacturing factors, overcapacity of ceramics and other factors, his factory was forced to shut down the low-end production line. At present, the types of tensile testing machine sensors in the market include S-type, spoke type purchase of environmental protection equipment, and machine replacement

like Foshan ceramics, which has been marketed in the world after the long-term pain of losing production capacity, industrial robots have now become an inevitable topic in the local manufacturing circle in Foshan. "Industrial robots are the 'worry relief grass' of Foshan manufacturing enterprises, which at least alleviates the problem that people can't recruit gold, silver and four." Chen Xing and several local manufacturers expressed similar views to China business

these industrial robots have appeared in stamping workshops, textile production lines, handling workshops, food lines, etc. behind this, in addition to the rise in labor costs, policy incentives, FM - the total average friction during experiments, enterprises' initiative to change and other factors, the rise of the power of domestic industrial robots has also become a new variable that cannot be ignored. Foshan has bred local industrial robot enterprises such as Nanfeng shares (), Xinpeng, lisunda, Jiateng, etc

in the interview, China business also found that at a time when ku2c.f of Germany, abb.n of Switzerland, FANUC of Japan (6954.t) and Yaskawa of Japan (6506.t) have strong control over the medium and high-end robot market, domestic industrial robot brands still do not have the strength to compete. At the same time, the production of core devices still depends on imports. In terms of the future development of the manufacturing industry, the replacement of machines is the general trend, and the gap also exists objectively

machine replacement solves the recruitment problem

this spring, Chen Xiaolei, the boss of Foshan Jiayue Textile Co., Ltd., is no longer anxious. Since 2014, he has been suffering from difficulties in recruiting. "The textile workshop is noisy and the work content is monotonous and repetitive. At first, the turnover rate of young people was high, but later they simply didn't come." Chen Xiaolei admitted that the profit of the textile industry was thin. Even if he increased his monthly salary from 4000 yuan to 6000 yuan, he still couldn't keep young people

Chen Xiaolei spent more than 30 million yuan in 2015 to install a set of automatic equipment for the factory, including blowing carding unit, automatic winding, automatic drum changing, automatic transportation equipment and so on, and his troubles are also much less. "The number of workers for 10000 ingots has decreased from about 200 before to about 50 now. There is no need to worry about not being able to recruit people." Chen Xiaolei said that in the first year after the installation of the equipment, the company has achieved cost recovery

nowadays, more and more enterprises in Foshan have joined the team of using robots. Kang Zhanbo, Assistant Secretary General of Foshan robot industry innovation Association, is deeply impressed by this. One of his daily work is to visit downstream enterprises to understand their robot transformation demands

"at first, I need to popularize the benefits of robots to enterprises. In the past two years, more and more enterprises have taken the initiative to come to us to seek corresponding robot transformation solutions." Kang Zhanbo said that after the implementation of the automation transformation of production lines, the enterprises generally responded well, which solved the worry of being unable to recruit people. This also drives more enterprises to seek technological transformation

one of Liu Jinglong's identities is the assistant director of the project Department of the Guangdong University Scientific and technological achievements transformation center. The core function of the transformation center is to integrate the innovation resources of universities inside and outside the province and connect them with enterprises in need

the last time China business saw him, he was busy with a press conference of scientific and technological achievements of industrial robots in Colleges and universities. Six universities have brought ten achievements, such as forklift AGV, automatic cargo handling forklift system, and hexapod bionic robot. A high-precision autonomous positioning and navigation technology based on multi-sensor fusion presented by the school of robotics and engineering of Northeastern University soon attracted the interest of Liu Xidong, who attended the meeting

"this technology can be applied to automatic grinding robots. Our production line has been looking for this technology." Liu Xidong said excitedly that his Foshan fohuayu Hardware Products Co., Ltd. completed the robot transformation of a production line in 2018, and no longer worried about the difficulty of recruitment

more and more Foshan enterprises are keen to replace labor with robots, mostly for cost considerations

a person in charge of Guangdong Weijie Auto Parts Manufacturing Co., Ltd. took the welding robot as an example to calculate an account: the average selling price of a welding robot is about 400000 yuan, plus maintenance, operation and other costs, the total cost is about 600000 yuan, the average service life of the robot is 10 years, and the average annual cost is about 60000 yuan

"the annual salary expenditure of recruiting a skilled welder is about 100000 yuan. In contrast, a welding robot can replace three skilled welders. The cost of employing three workers a year is 300000 yuan, while using robots only costs 60000 yuan a year." The person in charge said that the cost recovery of a 24-hour rotating robot can generally be achieved in about three years

Foshan Jiasheng composite material Co., Ltd. has successively replaced intelligent equipment since 2014, with production efficiency increased by 40% and labor cost saved by half. Chen Mingchuan, general manager of the company, took the stamping process of parts as an example. This process is a high-risk industry with high accident rate and high noise. The stamping robot has various advantages, long working hours, continuous operation, and can replace manual dangerous operations

"the stamping robot has high production efficiency, low error rate and high standardization of products." Chenmingchuan said that the robot industry in Foshan is mainly applied in five local industries with local characteristics, such as Foshan ceramics, hardware, furniture, household appliances and building materials. In recent years, many enterprises around have begun to let robots replace people in high-risk and repetitive work

As an important manufacturing town, Foshan covers almost all kinds of industrial systems, and has formed advantageous manufacturing industries such as ceramics, textiles, household appliances, printing and dyeing, aluminum profiles, furniture and so on. On the one hand, Foshan is the location of manufacturing star enterprises such as Midea Group (), Haitian Group, Dongpeng holdings, Galanz, Wanhe electric (). On the other hand, more than 90% of manufacturing enterprises are small and medium-sized enterprises, with weak core competitiveness. On the whole, most of the manufacturing enterprises in Foshan, which proposed to benchmark German industry 4.0, are in the stage of industry 2.0 or 3.0

similar to many places, the reduction of labor dividends is the core driving force for Foshan enterprises to carry out robot transformation in recent years, and the policy guidance and support of the government are the strong backing for enterprises to implement robot transformation

when interviewed by China business, several interviewees mentioned that the development and expansion of the domestic robot industry has given them more choices, which has become a new driving force for enterprises to implement machine replacement in recent years

the development of domestic industrial robots began in the 1970s, but for various reasons such as small market demand at that time, until 2010, the domestic industrial robot industry began to enter the fast lane. The International Federation of robotics predicts that from 2017 to 2020, the compound growth rate of China's industrial robot sales will be about 22%, which is the largest driving force leading the growth of global robots

"in terms of downstream applications of industrial robots, the localization rate of plastics and chemicals industry is the highest, reaching 73.3%." Teacher Yimin, chief analyst of Huajin securities machinery industry, said that in the subdivisions with relatively low technology access threshold, such as rectangular coordinate industrial robots and planar joint industrial robots, the gap between domestic robot brands and international brands is narrowing

"the price of intelligent manufacturing system solutions such as die casting and stamping of Aston is only half of that of international brands, and it has been able to meet the basic work of workshop handling, assembly, painting, spot welding and so on." A machinery industry analyst at Zheshang Securities said that if it were not for the extremely high requirements on the stability and service life of industrial robot products, domestic brands could basically meet the demand

the first share of private robots, Easton, chose Foshan as its South China headquarters in October 2018. According to statistics, more than 50 robot integration enterprises such as evert, Huashu robot, tigway and Xinpeng have settled in Foshan, covering the whole industrial chain of industrial robot manufacturing such as robot ontology, core components and integrated application systems

this has also formed a better industrial cluster effect. "Vacuum exhaust and other devices can basically realize one-stop services such as industrial robot R & D and design, parts manufacturing, system integration, brand service and market docking in Foshan." Esther said that this localized robot and the whole industrial chain of intelligent manufacturing have further strengthened the price advantage of domestic industrial robots

"before, many enterprises with robot transformation needs would first seek specific solutions from domestic agents of the four families of KUKA in Germany, abb in Switzerland, FANUC in Japan and Yaskawa in Japan, but now nearly half of Foshan enterprises would choose domestic robot brands." Kang Zhanbo said that this trend has become more and more significant in the past two years

the above Zhejiang securities machinery industry analysts frankly said that most parts of domestic industrial robots have become increasingly mature, which is a basic trend. With the increase of R & D investment in core technologies and core components of independent brand industrial robots, some international monopoly component suppliers are also forced to reduce prices and thresholds to some extent

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