Most popular high-tech instruments help archaeolog

2022-08-16
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A variety of high-tech instruments help archaeological work in Sichuan

on December 5, the Cultural Preservation Center of Chengdu Academy of cultural relics and Archaeology displayed three murals from Zhao Tingyin's tomb. The murals after cleaning and restoration are in the shape of large fragments, and you can see the colorful Phoenix, waterfowl, cirrus cloud, etc. On one of the murals, there are also ladies' patterns painted in smooth ink. It is reported that this is the only existing mural from the Five Dynasties period in Sichuan

in 2011, Zhao Tingyin's tomb was found in Shiling Town, Longquanyi District, Chengdu. According to the staff who participated in the archaeological excavation in that year, Zhao Tingyin was a meritorious hero of the founding of the post Shu state. He was appointed as an assistant governor during the post Shu emperor mengzhixiang period, and then successively served as a grand master and a Chinese scribe (equivalent to the position of prime minister, and the pressure testing machine is widely used in the construction industry), and was awarded the "king of song". In Sichuan, less than 10 tombs of the Five Dynasties with a clear chronology have been found so far. The tomb chamber of Zhao Tingyin's tomb covers an area of 270 square meters, which is the most complete and exquisite ancient tomb preserved after the tomb of the former king of Shu (Yongling) and the tomb of Meng Zhixiang, the latter emperor of Shu

"various murals are painted on the roof of the tomb and the ear room." Xiao Jian, director of the cultural protection center, told that after determining the age of the tomb, the cultural protection center immediately began to carry out rescue protection for the murals. 4. When the cable voltage withstand test was carried out in separate phases. After thousands of years of murals, they have fallen off in a large area under the erosion of moist air and plant roots. The staff of the cultural protection center first reinforced the murals with special adhesives, then cut them from the brick layer as a whole, and moved the remaining murals back to the laboratory

according to Wang Ning, the staff who repaired the cultural relics with knives, the restoration of cultural relics is quite slow. First, the murals in the tomb should be dried slowly in the shade to adapt to the temperature and humidity after excavation. "This process alone has gone through a long process from small load to a large amount for nearly three years. In order to avoid the cracking of the ground layer supporting the murals and the falling off of pigments, it is completely impossible to use external intervention such as drying." It was not until 2014 that the staff began to clean and repair

the murals in Zhao Tingyin's tomb were originally seriously damaged. This repair is mainly to clean up the disease and repair it appropriately. What beautiful lines are sketched behind plant root vine, water stains and other diseases? With the help of infrared scanning and other high-tech instruments, the cultural protection staff can "locate" some completely corroded lines to avoid cleaning these lines as mud. Wang Ning said that the experimental machine is no exception. Without the blessing of high-tech instruments, it is impossible to unveil the portrait of a lady in Zhao Tingyin's tomb. In order to make the murals no longer fall off and erode, the cultural protection staff should continuously inject reinforcing agent into the ground layer with a needle during cleaning, dip the paint with a cotton swab, and color the splices, so as to have the relatively complete mural form now

it is reported that the restored murals of Zhao Tingyin are expected to be exhibited in Chengdu Museum in the future

ancient restoration integrates modern technology to make the restoration of cultural relics a higher level. It is common for such high-tech instruments to assist in the restoration of cultural relics. The development of instrument science can add assistance to all aspects of our country, which is also a proof of the gradual progress of science and technology in our country

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